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Krishna Adhikari

Krishna Adhikari On 6 June 2004, Krishna Prasad Adhikari, a resident of Fujel village of Gorkha District, was murdered in Chitwan District by Maoist cadres. Krishna Prasad was visiting his grandparents after having taken the SLC examinations, and he was abducted from Bakullahar Chowk by men who came on a motorcycle ...
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Maina Sunuwar

Maina Sunuwar Around 6 am on February 17, 2004, a group of RNA soldiers arrested Ms Maina Sunuwar, a 15-year-old schoolgirl of Kharelthok VDC-6, Kavre district. She disappeared since her arrest. Her family members, with support from villagers and school where Maina was a student, visited detention centers ...
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Sanjeev Kumar Karna

Sanjeev Kumar Karna Sanjeev Kumar Karna was one among the 11 persons arrested on October 8, 2003. On that fateful day, they had gone to attend a picnic program organized by the students at a place called Kariyachauri VDC-4, and from picnic, they went to Kataiya Chowri Area of Dhanusha district where they ate some food ...
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Arjun Bahadur Lama

Arjun Bahadur Lama, 48 years in age, permanent resident of Chhatrebas VDC -5, Dapcha in Kavre district was abducted by a group of Maoist cadres, three in number, on 29 April 2005 (2062.1.16 BS) from the premises of Sri Krishna Secondary School at Chhatrebas VDC-1 of the district.
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Hari Prasad Bolakhe

Hari Prasad Bolakhe, 35 (while missing) a permanent resident of Phulbari VDC-8, Kavre district, a pastor by profession, had been missing since the arrest December 27, 2003, was reportedly killed by security persons. A team of National Human Rights Commission discovered a human skeleton in a jungle ...
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Sarala Sapkota

Around 11 p.m. on July 15, 2004, a group of 12 armed soldiers arrested Sarala Sapkota at her grandfather’s house. The family, who witnessed the arrest, stated that soldiers gave Sarala no reason for her arrest. After her arrest, Sarala’s family went to Baireni barracks and the DPO ...
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Birendra Shah

On the evening of 5 October 2007, Mr. Birendra Shah, 34, resident of Inruwasira VDC-8, Bara district, a local journalist of Bara district and correspondent of Nepal FM, Avenues Television and Dristi weekly, was abducted by Maoists from Pipara Bazaar in Kalaiya, the district headquarters of Bara ...
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Bishwanath Parajuli, Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang

Three persons namely Bishwonath Parajuli (also called Nagendra Parajuli), Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang of Hasandaha VDC, Morang were shot dead by the security personnel on 28 September 2004. According to the eyewitnesses, other victims and the villagers, about 16 people were arrested ...
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Chot Nath Ghimire and Shekhar Nath Ghimire

Chot Nath Ghimire, a 58-year-old farmer, resident of Ishaneshor VDC-4, Ratamate Majhpokhari of Lamjung district was allegedly arrested by the Joint Security Forces of Joint Security Camp stationed at Bhorlatar VDC, Lamjung district on February 2, 2002 (2058.10.20). The security camp called Mr. ...
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Bhauna Tharu

Bhauna Tharu (Bhauna Chaudhary in the citizenship card), 21 years old male (at the time of the incident; Date of Birthe: 8 September 1978), son of Purna Bahadur Chaudhary, permanent resident of Sujanpur village, Neulapur VDC-4, Bardiya district, and an employee of Rastriya Gobar Gas, Gulariya, ...
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Close Encounters

Stories from the Frontline of Human Rights Work in Nepal

Close Encounters
During Nepal’s armed conflict and its aftermath, human rights violations not only scarred and destroyed the victims but had a devastating effect on the lives of human rights defenders.
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Ujjan Kumar Shrestha

Ujjan Kumar Shrestha
Ujjan Kumar Shrestha was shot to death by Balkrishna Dhungel and his cohorts due to some family feud over charges of pregnancy and inter-caste marriage. On 24 June 1998, he had gone towards Ramechhap to purchase goods when out of the blue appeared Dhungel and his gang. They encircled Shrestha and then Dhungel shot him at the head and later threw his corpse at Likhu River. Later, they even killed Ujjan’s elder brother, Ganesh when he filed an FIR against them. Ganesh’s death was so shocking to his daughter that she committed suicide at a later date.
30 June 1998
Okhaldhunga District court on 10 May 2004 convicted Balkrishna Dhungel as the murderer and sentenced him to life imprisonment and confiscation of property. Challenging this decision, Dhungel filed an appeal at Rajbiraj Appellate Court. The court on 25 June 2006 repealed the decision of the district court and exonerating Dhungel from the crime released him from the prison. Ujjan’s family filed an appeal at the Supreme Court against the decision of Appellate Court. The Supreme Court on 3 January 2010 upheld the decision of the district court and convicted Dhungel for the murder and asked the police to arrest him and make him serve the remaining time in prison. After the police failed to arrest and incarcerate Dhungel and the government attempted to grant amnesty to Dhungel, victim’s family filed a writ requesting stay order on refraining pardon to Dhungel. The Court on 21 June 2011 clarified that there was no legal obstacle to incarcerate Dhungel.
In the early morning at around 4 a.m. on June 24, 1998, Ujjan Kumar Shrestha left his home to go to Ramechhap in order to buy some goods. Then, he never made it back. While he was walking through Khahare Dobhar which is at Tarkerabari Ward No. 7, Okhaldhunga, suddenly Balkrishna Dhungel, Pushkar Gautam, Thal Bahadur Poudel, Dor Bahadur Poudel, Ram Bahadur Shrestha, Thir Bahadur Khatri and Parbat Raj Bhattarai appeared in front of him. They encircled Ujjan Kumar and took him to a watercourse near that village. Dhungel shot him dead and dragged him to Likhu River and the corpse was thrown in the river with the help of Pushkar Gautam. According to Ujjan's elder brother, Ganesh Kumar Shrestha, Ujjan was repeatedly threatened to death by those people mentioned above during the meetings.

While documenting the scene of crime, policemen from Area Police Office, Khiji Falante, Okhaldhunga, found blood stains everywhere at the incident place. They even found small bushes and weeds crushed in the maize field, rice plants macerated and blood marks on the stones at the bank of the river. One torch light was found there, and there was a big mark of blood on the other side of the river. Considering the scene of crime, it is believed that Ujjan was murdered after a preplanned plot and thrown to Likhu River.

Background of the incident:
All evidences reveal that there were two personal causes to murder Ujjan inhumanly though he was innocent. According to the first cause, Bimala Khadka, a neighbor-sister of Ujjan, conceived a child by her own maternal uncle named Thal Bahadur Poudel to which Bimala and Thal Bahadur both confessed later at the Area Police Office. But Ujjan was accused to make Bimala pregnant which became one of the true causes for his murder as the rift between Thal Bahadur and Ujjan kept increasing on that issue. Ujjan Kumar was went on refusing the blame and got to know the secrecy between Bimala Kadka and Thal Bahadur Poudel. He, then, made all the secrets public and helped the police arrest Thal Bahadur Poudel on the same day when Thal Bahadur had killed that newly born child on its very birth day in the dawn to conceal the case. From this incident, Ujjan had become an eyesore for Thal Bahadur Poudel and he was seeking retaliation. Another bone of contention was that, Ujjan Kumar had married Renuka Poudel, who is the own sister of Thal Bahadur Poudel and Dor Bahadur Poudel and a relative of Balkrishna Dhungel as well. Ujjan Kumar and Renuka Poudel had had an inter-castel marriage and all relatives of Renuka were angry at it. Thal Bahadur, Dor Bahadur, Balkrishna Dhungel and other people had been planning to kill Ujjan Kumar for all this. In unison, it was reported that Ujjan Kumar used to receive frequent threats to life by those people who were said to have been conspiring against him.

One of the accused Balkrishna Dhungel maintains that Ujjan was killed because he was a spy who connived against the Maoist Party.

Due to the case of Ujjan, victim’s family has been receiving repeated threats and to atrocities. Ganesh Kumar Shrestha, the elder brother of Ujjan Kumar filed an FIR against Dhungel et al. and for this “transgression” they murdered him as well. Not only this, Ganesh Kumar’s daughter Rachana Shrestha had unknowingly shown the murderers the location of her father and saw her father's murder from a close distance. She could not bear the guilt and pain and committed suicide. The family suffers till date because of sheer injustice to them.
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