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Krishna Adhikari

Krishna Adhikari On 6 June 2004, Krishna Prasad Adhikari, a resident of Fujel village of Gorkha District, was murdered in Chitwan District by Maoist cadres. Krishna Prasad was visiting his grandparents after having taken the SLC examinations, and he was abducted from Bakullahar Chowk by men who came on a motorcycle ...
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Maina Sunuwar

Maina Sunuwar Around 6 am on February 17, 2004, a group of RNA soldiers arrested Ms Maina Sunuwar, a 15-year-old schoolgirl of Kharelthok VDC-6, Kavre district. She disappeared since her arrest. Her family members, with support from villagers and school where Maina was a student, visited detention centers ...
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Sanjeev Kumar Karna

Sanjeev Kumar Karna Sanjeev Kumar Karna was one among the 11 persons arrested on October 8, 2003. On that fateful day, they had gone to attend a picnic program organized by the students at a place called Kariyachauri VDC-4, and from picnic, they went to Kataiya Chowri Area of Dhanusha district where they ate some food ...
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Arjun Bahadur Lama

Arjun Bahadur Lama, 48 years in age, permanent resident of Chhatrebas VDC -5, Dapcha in Kavre district was abducted by a group of Maoist cadres, three in number, on 29 April 2005 (2062.1.16 BS) from the premises of Sri Krishna Secondary School at Chhatrebas VDC-1 of the district.
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Hari Prasad Bolakhe

Hari Prasad Bolakhe, 35 (while missing) a permanent resident of Phulbari VDC-8, Kavre district, a pastor by profession, had been missing since the arrest December 27, 2003, was reportedly killed by security persons. A team of National Human Rights Commission discovered a human skeleton in a jungle ...
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Sarala Sapkota

Around 11 p.m. on July 15, 2004, a group of 12 armed soldiers arrested Sarala Sapkota at her grandfather’s house. The family, who witnessed the arrest, stated that soldiers gave Sarala no reason for her arrest. After her arrest, Sarala’s family went to Baireni barracks and the DPO ...
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Birendra Shah

On the evening of 5 October 2007, Mr. Birendra Shah, 34, resident of Inruwasira VDC-8, Bara district, a local journalist of Bara district and correspondent of Nepal FM, Avenues Television and Dristi weekly, was abducted by Maoists from Pipara Bazaar in Kalaiya, the district headquarters of Bara ...
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Bishwanath Parajuli, Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang

Three persons namely Bishwonath Parajuli (also called Nagendra Parajuli), Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang of Hasandaha VDC, Morang were shot dead by the security personnel on 28 September 2004. According to the eyewitnesses, other victims and the villagers, about 16 people were arrested ...
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Chot Nath Ghimire and Shekhar Nath Ghimire

Chot Nath Ghimire, a 58-year-old farmer, resident of Ishaneshor VDC-4, Ratamate Majhpokhari of Lamjung district was allegedly arrested by the Joint Security Forces of Joint Security Camp stationed at Bhorlatar VDC, Lamjung district on February 2, 2002 (2058.10.20). The security camp called Mr. ...
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Bhauna Tharu

Bhauna Tharu (Bhauna Chaudhary in the citizenship card), 21 years old male (at the time of the incident; Date of Birthe: 8 September 1978), son of Purna Bahadur Chaudhary, permanent resident of Sujanpur village, Neulapur VDC-4, Bardiya district, and an employee of Rastriya Gobar Gas, Gulariya, ...
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Close Encounters

Stories from the Frontline of Human Rights Work in Nepal

Close Encounters
During Nepal’s armed conflict and its aftermath, human rights violations not only scarred and destroyed the victims but had a devastating effect on the lives of human rights defenders.
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Conflict Victims' Society for Justice (CVSJ-Nepal)

CVSJ-Nepal is the central-level establishment of the survivors of violence and relatives of those killed and disappeared at the hands of both the state and the then Maoist rebels during the decade-long armed conflict in the country. Formally registered on Sep 25 2008, the society aims at uniting conflict victims of all complexions in their simultaneous quest for truth and justice. Currently, the society has its presence in 42 districts backed by 250 Village Development Committee (VDC) level Victims' Pressure Groups.

A brief history
Apparently, the organization was not an overnight phenomenon. Its seeds were sown back in January 2003 AD in Banke district when the victims, fearing reprisals from the security forces and the Maoists, started travelling in groups to register their complaints and document their cases.  
After the declaration of second ceasefire in 2003 between the government and the then Maoist rebels, the survivors of violence and relatives of the disappeared started registering complaints at authorities concerned and seeking assistance from human rights organizations like Advocacy Forum.  On one of such occasions, it so happened in Banke District that some victims, fearing to travel alone to district headquarters, travelled in a group. This very act made them as well as AF lawyers to realize the importance of a concerted action.  Consequently, AF-Bardiya encouraged victims of the districts to work in unison and a sort of informal VDC-level victim groups were formed in the district.
Spurred by the good practice in Bardiya, Advocacy Forum started actively facilitating and providing essential impetus to victims in other districts to form similar groups. This activity eventually climaxed into an informal meeting of twelve victims in a private house in Mahadevpuri Village (Banke District) on 25th September 2006 and formed the first victim pressure group of the country. A milestone it was, the event, in turn, opened the floodgates in other villages across the country. With the course of time, the members of the victim groups felt the need of joining hands with their fellow brethren to make a concerted attempt in their search for truth and justice.
A comprehensive consultation of victim representatives from 15 districts on Dec 12 2007 in Kathmandu decided to form a 13-member coordinating body to make necessary arrangements for the registration of their highest governing body. The consultative meeting also unanimously named their umbrella organization as "Conflict Victims' Society for Justice (CVSJ-Nepal). Shortly afterwards on May 25 2008, an ad-hoc committee was formed under the chairmanship of Janak Bahadur Raut, a torture survivor from Kapilvastu District. Eventually on Aug 25 2008, the organization received its formal accreditation from District Administration Office, Kathmandu.  It was also registered at Social welfare Council on Sep 24.
On 8th and 9th of January 2009, CVSJ-Nepal organized its first Annual General Assembly and formed an 11-member central committee under the leadership of Janak Raut.

  1. Exerting sustained pressure on the Nepalese government to address the issues of the victims affected both directly and indirectly by the warring parties (the State and the then Maoist Rebels) by airing the grievances of the conflict victims nationally and internationally
  2. Establishing the rights of the victims as guaranteed by national and international laws and ensuring the equal access of victims to justice
  3. Overseeing the implementation of the Transitional Justice mechanisms
  4. Putting an end to pervasive impunity by bringing the perpetrators involved in (gross) human rights violations
  5. Spreading the message of harmonious co-existence and reconciliation in society
  6. Holding the government and the security apparatuses accountable to prevent recurrence n of violations in future
  7. Banding together and collaborating with civil society and various national and human rights organizations to safeguard the rights of conflict victims
  8. Empowerment of Victims

AF´s role
Since its establishment, AF has been helping conflict victims in several ways. Besides documenting their cases, it has been providing legal, psychosocial and medical assistance and inspiring them to get united for seeking justice.  In collaboration with other relevant organizations, it also regularly organizes a variety of training to CVSJ members on para-legal issues, transitional mechanisms justice and several administrative issues necessary to effectively run an organization.  AF also provide national and international advisory support to CVSJ .Moreover, AF's offices of all echelons actively participate in every single event organized by CVSJ and offer them technical and logistic support.

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