News

Workshop on Enforced Disappearance Convened in Nepal

Workshop on Enforced Disappearance Convened in Nepal

Advocacy Forum-Nepal (AF) and Informal Sector Service Centre (INSEC) jointly organized a workshop on Enforced Disappearance in Asia on 27 and 28 May 2019 at Hotel Himalaya, Lalitpur Nepal. The main objectives of the program were to shed light on the best practices, challenges and existing remedies of various countries, the effort of the government in addressing the cases of enforced disappearance and strategies to combat enforced disappearances.

» more

International Week of the Disappeared, 2019 Commemorated in Nepal

International Week of the Disappeared, 2019 Commemorated in Nepal

On the occasion of the International Week of the Disappeared 2019, Advocacy Forum-Nepal together with Conflict Victims' Society for Justice (CVSJ-Nepal) organized and hosted events in Illam, Pokhara, Nepalgunj and Kathmandu during the last week of May 2019.  The program was primarily attended by conflict victims, victims’ families of those disappeared, representatives from human rights organizations, civil society members and local government representatives.  The activities included a discussion program on the situation of the family and the ongoing debate of TJ process, the pain and suffering of victims and how their issues can be addressed at the local and national level. Now, victim families in Nepal have joined hands with the victims’ families of the disappeared from around the world and fight together in search of their disappeared loved ones. 

» more

AF organized training on "Psychosocial Accompaniment and Documentation"

AF organized training on

Kathmandu: On May 9th and 10th 2019, Advocacy Forum (AF), in coordination with Conflict Victims Society for Justice (CVSJ),organized a two day training sessions on "Psychosocial Accompaniment and Documentation," for 13 family members of enforced disappearance victims during the conflict period in Nepal, in Nepalgunj, Banke district. The participants were from Banke and Bardiya districts. The objective of the training session was to empower family members of disappearance victims to provide psychosocial accompaniment for other victims, to document cases of human rights violations and to support the victims' family advocacy to bring attention to their cases on the national and international level.

» more

AF Organized a Stakeholders Meeting on Juvenile Justice

AF Organized a Stakeholders Meeting on Juvenile Justice

Kathmandu: Advocacy Forum (AF) organized a one-day consultation meeting entitled "Situation of Juvenile Justice in Nepal and Roles of Stakeholders," on 26 April in New Baneshwor, Kathmandu. The meeting provided meaningful discussion on juvenile justice laws and the fair trial rights of juveniles. The issues of torture and ill-treatment of juveniles in police detention centers, difficulties in determining medical age and further helping children living on the street were key discussion points. Throughout the meeting, different stakeholders shared their valuable experiences, identified problems and provided possible solutions to these problems. 

» more

Case Updates

Emblematic Cases

Among the hundreds of cases documented, Advocacy Forum has selected altogether 15 representative cases that show an endemic pattern of obstruction of justice, brazen abuse or total disregard of the law and deliberate attempts to escape accountability. The cases are also selected on the basis of their availability of evidence and wider public appeal. AF launches campaigns with other national and international organizations to establish accountability in those cases with a view to opening the door of justice to thousands of other similar cases.
» more

First Information Reports

First Information Report (FIR) is a formal complaint lodged with the police or District Administration Office by the victim of a cognizable offence or by someone on his/her behalf.  As per the existing legal system in Nepal, victims or their representatives do not have direct access to the courts. In criminal cases, police have exclusive jurisdiction to investigate and process evidence to the public prosecutors who then register the cases in court. However, the police authorities not only dillydally to register FIRs but also fail to carry out effective investigations. AF has been helping victims and their families to file FIRs and seeking mandamus orders for the effective investigations on the cases.
» more

Human Rights Committee Submissions

Advocacy Forum is the first organization in Nepal to use individual complaint mechanism under the First Optional Protocol of International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). According to the said protocol, individuals, whose countries are party to the ICCPR and the protocol, who claim their rights guaranteed by the ICCPR have been breached, and who have exhausted existing domestic legal remedies in the pursuit of justice, can submit written communications to the UN Human Rights Committee (HRC). This particular effort of AF has opened the space of Nepali lawyers to international litigation.
» more

Torture Compensation Cases

Advocacy Forum legally intervenes on behalf of detainees who claimed to have been tortured by police and forest officers in government detention facilities. Upon consent by victims, AF attorneys register suits, and represent victims in court seeking for torture compensation under the Torture Compensation Act -1996 and necessary action against the perpetrators.
» more

Initiatives

Case Communication

Advocacy Forum reports urgent cases of human rights violations to UN-OHCHR, AHRC and to some specific organizations such as Amnesty International, Asian Human Rights Commission, OMCT, Human Rights Watch, International Commission of Jurists, diplomatic communities, UN Special Rapporteur on Torture, the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Execution and the UN Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances. These international organizations/bodies give due importance to our communications and have been regularly issuing urgent appeals to pressure the concerned authorities and the government. AF also regularly reports cases to Human Rights Cell of Nepal Police, Office of Attorney General and National Human Rights Commission requesting investigation and necessary action against the perpetrators and timely redress to victims.

Setting the Precedents

Important judicial rulings by courts in the cases represented by AF on behalf of victims have been instrumental in establishing case law in Nepal. The efforts of AF have been immensely important in setting standards vis-à-vis the cases of human rights violations and ensuring fair trial standards in Nepal and thereby creating a solid body of jurisprudence.  AF also files Public Interest Litigation (PIL) seeking various directive orders for the implementation of existing legal provisions and challenging those provisions that expressly contradict with the accepted international standards.






Capacity Building Measures

AF has developed a comprehensive framework to strengthen capacities of its staffers, stakeholders, institutions, communities and target groups for the effective realization of its vision, mission and goals. The framework is set at the systemic, institutional and individual levels.  Key areas that require capacity building are identified as per the needs of relevant stakeholders or when AF feels necessary during the implementation of its various activities. AF is also committed to increasing its functionality by supplementing the expertise of staff wherever possible, both by educational workshops and by exposure to the international human rights community.

Advocacy and Lobbying

Advocacy Forum works to influence the Nepali government's policies and laws by holding regular lobby meetings with lawmakers, officials from ministries concerned, members of the civil society and other relevant stakeholders. Via various activities, campaigns and submissions, it also tries to lobby both national and international bodies to ensure human rights are upheld. It has also been continuously seeking to establish strong lines of communication and effective working partnerships with the international and domestic human rights community. AF recognizes the necessity of international co-operation in overturning the culture of impunity that sustains a climate conducive to human rights abuse in Nepal.