News

AF Commemorated 18th International Day in Support of Victims of Torture

AF Commemorated 18th International Day in Support of Victims of Torture

Kathmandu 28 June 2015: To commemorate 18th UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture on 26th June, Advocacy Forum (AF) organized programs in Kathmandu, Kaski, Rupandehi, Banke, Kanchapur, Dhanusha, Udayapur and Morang. In the program altogether 425 participants including torture survivors, stakeholders of criminal justice system (Judges, public prosecutors, defence lawyers, police officers) government officers from various ministries, representatives from various human rights NGOs/civil societies were present. 

 

As every year, this year too AF released its annual torture report, "Torture in Nepal in 2014: More of the same." During 2014, AF lawyers regularly visited to police detention centers of 15 districts across the country and interviewed 1916 detainees including women and children. Among them 16.2 % claimed that they were tortured and/or ill-treated in the police detention centers. Full report is available at: http://advocacyforum.org/downloads/pdf/publications/torture/TORTUREINNEPALIN2014EnglishVersion.pdf (English), http://advocacyforum.org/TORTUREINNEPALIN2014NepaliVersion1.pdf (Nepali)

AF Conducts a 3 Day Psychosocial Counselling Session in Barpark, Gorkha.

6-8 June 2015: Advocacy Forum organized and conducted a 3 day psychosocial counselling session and provided relief materials to earthquake victims of Barpark, Gorkha, the epicenter of devastating 7.8 richter scale earthquake that struck ...
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UPDATE.. AF Provides Immediate Support to Quake Survivors ..

Advocacy Forum in coordination with Tamu Dhee, Women Human Rights Network and Psychosocial Counselling Forum of Pokhara Kaski district provided psychosocial counselling and immediate relief materials to the earthquake victims of Larpak and Barpak of ...
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UPR Submission on the Emerging Issues and Challenges of Nepalese Migrant Workers

Advocacy Forum, along with National Network for Safe Migration (NNSM), jointly submitted a report on the Emerging Issues and Challenges of Nepalese Migrant Workers to the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Report on ...
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Case Updates

Emblematic Cases

Among the hundreds of cases documented, Advocacy Forum has selected altogether 15 representative cases that show an endemic pattern of obstruction of justice, brazen abuse or total disregard of the law and deliberate attempts to escape accountability. The cases are also selected on the basis of their availability of evidence and wider public appeal. AF launches campaigns with other national and international organizations to establish accountability in those cases with a view to opening the door of justice to thousands of other similar cases.
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First Information Reports

First Information Report (FIR) is a formal complaint lodged with the police or District Administration Office by the victim of a cognizable offence or by someone on his/her behalf.  As per the existing legal system in Nepal, victims or their representatives do not have direct access to the courts. In criminal cases, police have exclusive jurisdiction to investigate and process evidence to the public prosecutors who then register the cases in court. However, the police authorities not only dillydally to register FIRs but also fail to carry out effective investigations. AF has been helping victims and their families to file FIRs and seeking mandamus orders for the effective investigations on the cases.
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Human Rights Committee Submissions

Advocacy Forum is the first organization in Nepal to use individual complaint mechanism under the First Optional Protocol of International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). According to the said protocol, individuals, whose countries are party to the ICCPR and the protocol, who claim their rights guaranteed by the ICCPR have been breached, and who have exhausted existing domestic legal remedies in the pursuit of justice, can submit written communications to the UN Human Rights Committee (HRC). This particular effort of AF has opened the space of Nepali lawyers to international litigation.
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Torture Compensation Cases

Advocacy Forum legally intervenes on behalf of detainees who claimed to have been tortured by police and forest officers in government detention facilities. Upon consent by victims, AF attorneys register suits, and represent victims in court seeking for torture compensation under the Torture Compensation Act -1996 and necessary action against the perpetrators.
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Initiatives

Case Communication

Advocacy Forum reports urgent cases of human rights violations to UN-OHCHR, AHRC and to some specific organizations such as Amnesty International, Asian Human Rights Commission, OMCT, Human Rights Watch, International Commission of Jurists, diplomatic communities, UN Special Rapporteur on Torture, the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Execution and the UN Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances. These international organizations/bodies give due importance to our communications and have been regularly issuing urgent appeals to pressure the concerned authorities and the government. AF also regularly reports cases to Human Rights Cell of Nepal Police, Office of Attorney General and National Human Rights Commission requesting investigation and necessary action against the perpetrators and timely redress to victims.

Setting the Precedents

Important judicial rulings by courts in the cases represented by AF on behalf of victims have been instrumental in establishing case law in Nepal. The efforts of AF have been immensely important in setting standards vis-à-vis the cases of human rights violations and ensuring fair trial standards in Nepal and thereby creating a solid body of jurisprudence.  AF also files Public Interest Litigation (PIL) seeking various directive orders for the implementation of existing legal provisions and challenging those provisions that expressly contradict with the accepted international standards.







Capacity Building Measures

AF has developed a comprehensive framework to strengthen capacities of its staffers, stakeholders, institutions, communities and target groups for the effective realization of its vision, mission and goals. The framework is set at the systemic, institutional and individual levels.  Key areas that require capacity building are identified as per the needs of relevant stakeholders or when AF feels necessary during the implementation of its various activities. AF is also committed to increasing its functionality by supplementing the expertise of staff wherever possible, both by educational workshops and by exposure to the international human rights community.

Advocacy and Lobbying

Advocacy Forum works to influence the Nepali government's policies and laws by holding regular lobby meetings with lawmakers, officials from ministries concerned, members of the civil society and other relevant stakeholders. Via various activities, campaigns and submissions, it also tries to lobby both national and international bodies to ensure human rights are upheld. It has also been continuously seeking to establish strong lines of communication and effective working partnerships with the international and domestic human rights community. AF recognizes the necessity of international co-operation in overturning the culture of impunity that sustains a climate conducive to human rights abuse in Nepal.