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Krishna Adhikari

Krishna Adhikari On 6 June 2004, Krishna Prasad Adhikari, a resident of Fujel village of Gorkha District, was murdered in Chitwan District by Maoist cadres. Krishna Prasad was visiting his grandparents after having taken the SLC examinations, and he was abducted from Bakullahar Chowk by men who came on a motorcycle ...
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Maina Sunuwar

Maina Sunuwar Around 6 am on February 17, 2004, a group of RNA soldiers arrested Ms Maina Sunuwar, a 15-year-old schoolgirl of Kharelthok VDC-6, Kavre district. She disappeared since her arrest. Her family members, with support from villagers and school where Maina was a student, visited detention centers ...
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Sanjeev Kumar Karna

Sanjeev Kumar Karna Sanjeev Kumar Karna was one among the 11 persons arrested on October 8, 2003. On that fateful day, they had gone to attend a picnic program organized by the students at a place called Kariyachauri VDC-4, and from picnic, they went to Kataiya Chowri Area of Dhanusha district where they ate some food ...
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Arjun Bahadur Lama

Arjun Bahadur Lama, 48 years in age, permanent resident of Chhatrebas VDC -5, Dapcha in Kavre district was abducted by a group of Maoist cadres, three in number, on 29 April 2005 (2062.1.16 BS) from the premises of Sri Krishna Secondary School at Chhatrebas VDC-1 of the district.
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Hari Prasad Bolakhe

Hari Prasad Bolakhe, 35 (while missing) a permanent resident of Phulbari VDC-8, Kavre district, a pastor by profession, had been missing since the arrest December 27, 2003, was reportedly killed by security persons. A team of National Human Rights Commission discovered a human skeleton in a jungle ...
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Sarala Sapkota

Around 11 p.m. on July 15, 2004, a group of 12 armed soldiers arrested Sarala Sapkota at her grandfather’s house. The family, who witnessed the arrest, stated that soldiers gave Sarala no reason for her arrest. After her arrest, Sarala’s family went to Baireni barracks and the DPO ...
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Birendra Shah

On the evening of 5 October 2007, Mr. Birendra Shah, 34, resident of Inruwasira VDC-8, Bara district, a local journalist of Bara district and correspondent of Nepal FM, Avenues Television and Dristi weekly, was abducted by Maoists from Pipara Bazaar in Kalaiya, the district headquarters of Bara ...
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Bishwanath Parajuli, Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang

Three persons namely Bishwonath Parajuli (also called Nagendra Parajuli), Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang of Hasandaha VDC, Morang were shot dead by the security personnel on 28 September 2004. According to the eyewitnesses, other victims and the villagers, about 16 people were arrested ...
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Chot Nath Ghimire and Shekhar Nath Ghimire

Chot Nath Ghimire, a 58-year-old farmer, resident of Ishaneshor VDC-4, Ratamate Majhpokhari of Lamjung district was allegedly arrested by the Joint Security Forces of Joint Security Camp stationed at Bhorlatar VDC, Lamjung district on February 2, 2002 (2058.10.20). The security camp called Mr. ...
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Bhauna Tharu

Bhauna Tharu (Bhauna Chaudhary in the citizenship card), 21 years old male (at the time of the incident; Date of Birthe: 8 September 1978), son of Purna Bahadur Chaudhary, permanent resident of Sujanpur village, Neulapur VDC-4, Bardiya district, and an employee of Rastriya Gobar Gas, Gulariya, ...
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Close Encounters

Stories from the Frontline of Human Rights Work in Nepal

Close Encounters
During Nepal’s armed conflict and its aftermath, human rights violations not only scarred and destroyed the victims but had a devastating effect on the lives of human rights defenders.
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At the occasion of the Universal Periodic Review NGOs call on Nepal to end impunity for torture and other serious human rights violations

Geneva, 3 November 2016.Advocacy Forum-Nepal (AFN), the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC), REDRESS and the World Organisation against Torture (OMCT) made a stakeholder submission to the Universal Periodic Review of Nepal taking place on 4 November 2015. The submission details the continued impunity for serious human rights violations committed during the armed conflict and highlights the ongoing and systematic practice of torture in detention.

Although Nepal has been facing various challenges, justice cannot be sacrificed. We are deeply concerned about the government’s continuous refusal to address impunity and the denial of justice for victims of human rights violations during armed conflicts.

From 1996 to 2006, Nepal was gripped by an internal armed conflict between security forces and the Communist Party of Nepal, with both sides being responsible for serious human rights violations. Despite promises made during the last UPR review in 2011 to investigate and prosecute those crimes, Nepal has failed to take effective actions. No members of the military, the police, the Armed Police Force or Maoist groups have been brought to justice. Furthermore, those accused of serious human rights violations are promoted to higher government position. Legislation passed last year to establish a Truth and Reconciliation Commission and Enforced Disappearances Commission circumvents justice processes and paves the way for further impunity.

At the same time, victims face numerous obstacles when seeking justice.The police have systematically refused to register complaints, which is indispensible for the prosecution of any crime. In addition, the previous Attorney General, the Nepal Army and the Communist Party of Nepal have interfered with police investigations by threatening key witnesses or by misusing the power to withdraw charges.

The entrenched impunity for past crimes committed allows for ongoing human rights violations in the country.The stakeholder submission details Nepal’s systemic practice of torture in detention and the lack of implementation of recommendations by the Committee against Torture. Nepal has neither passed legislation that criminalizes torture, nor has it put a system in place that allows for meaningful redress or adequate compensation for torture victims.Torture and ill-treatment for the purpose of obtaining confessions is still practiced as a method of criminal investigation.


The organisations call on the international community to recommend Nepal to:

-          amend the legislation establishing transitional justice mechanisms to expressly prohibit amnesty for crimes under international law and in line with Supreme Court decisions;

-          establish a special unit of appropriately trained police and prosecutors to investigate and prosecute serious human violations committed in Nepal;

-          criminalise torture and other forms of ill-treatment, enforced disappearance, crimes against humanity and war crimes;

-          combat impunity by bringing to justice any individual alleged to be responsible for torture and other serious human rights abuses committed during the armed conflict and since;

-          take effective measures to prevent interference with police investigations and to introduce severe penalties for any such interference;

-          ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention Against Torture, establish an effective National Preventive Mechanism, and provide for full redress to victims of torture in compliance with the Convention against Torture.


The universal periodic review of Nepal will take place in Geneva on Wednesday, 4 November 2015 at 2:30 pm (GMT+1). It can be followed live at NGOs will also be reporting from Geneva using Twitter - follow #NepalUPR

The organistions’ submission to the UPR is available here:


For more information, please contact:

- AFN: Dr. Trilochan Upreti (Executive Director) on +977 9841351286 or

- AHRC: Prakash Mohara (Programme Coordinator – Nepal Desk)

- REDRESS: Eva Sanchis (Communications Officer) on +44 (0)20 7793 177 or

- OMCT: Nicole Bürli (Human Rights Advisor) on +41 (0)22 809 49 26 or

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