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Krishna Adhikari

Krishna Adhikari On 6 June 2004, Krishna Prasad Adhikari, a resident of Fujel village of Gorkha District, was murdered in Chitwan District by Maoist cadres. Krishna Prasad was visiting his grandparents after having taken the SLC examinations, and he was abducted from Bakullahar Chowk by men who came on a motorcycle ...
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Maina Sunuwar

Maina Sunuwar Around 6 am on February 17, 2004, a group of RNA soldiers arrested Ms Maina Sunuwar, a 15-year-old schoolgirl of Kharelthok VDC-6, Kavre district. She disappeared since her arrest. Her family members, with support from villagers and school where Maina was a student, visited detention centers ...
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Sanjeev Kumar Karna

Sanjeev Kumar Karna Sanjeev Kumar Karna was one among the 11 persons arrested on October 8, 2003. On that fateful day, they had gone to attend a picnic program organized by the students at a place called Kariyachauri VDC-4, and from picnic, they went to Kataiya Chowri Area of Dhanusha district where they ate some food ...
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Arjun Bahadur Lama

Arjun Bahadur Lama, 48 years in age, permanent resident of Chhatrebas VDC -5, Dapcha in Kavre district was abducted by a group of Maoist cadres, three in number, on 29 April 2005 (2062.1.16 BS) from the premises of Sri Krishna Secondary School at Chhatrebas VDC-1 of the district.
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Hari Prasad Bolakhe

Hari Prasad Bolakhe, 35 (while missing) a permanent resident of Phulbari VDC-8, Kavre district, a pastor by profession, had been missing since the arrest December 27, 2003, was reportedly killed by security persons. A team of National Human Rights Commission discovered a human skeleton in a jungle ...
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Sarala Sapkota

Around 11 p.m. on July 15, 2004, a group of 12 armed soldiers arrested Sarala Sapkota at her grandfather’s house. The family, who witnessed the arrest, stated that soldiers gave Sarala no reason for her arrest. After her arrest, Sarala’s family went to Baireni barracks and the DPO ...
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Birendra Shah

On the evening of 5 October 2007, Mr. Birendra Shah, 34, resident of Inruwasira VDC-8, Bara district, a local journalist of Bara district and correspondent of Nepal FM, Avenues Television and Dristi weekly, was abducted by Maoists from Pipara Bazaar in Kalaiya, the district headquarters of Bara ...
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Bishwanath Parajuli, Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang

Three persons namely Bishwonath Parajuli (also called Nagendra Parajuli), Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang of Hasandaha VDC, Morang were shot dead by the security personnel on 28 September 2004. According to the eyewitnesses, other victims and the villagers, about 16 people were arrested ...
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Chot Nath Ghimire and Shekhar Nath Ghimire

Chot Nath Ghimire, a 58-year-old farmer, resident of Ishaneshor VDC-4, Ratamate Majhpokhari of Lamjung district was allegedly arrested by the Joint Security Forces of Joint Security Camp stationed at Bhorlatar VDC, Lamjung district on February 2, 2002 (2058.10.20). The security camp called Mr. ...
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Bhauna Tharu

Bhauna Tharu (Bhauna Chaudhary in the citizenship card), 21 years old male (at the time of the incident; Date of Birthe: 8 September 1978), son of Purna Bahadur Chaudhary, permanent resident of Sujanpur village, Neulapur VDC-4, Bardiya district, and an employee of Rastriya Gobar Gas, Gulariya, ...
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Close Encounters

Stories from the Frontline of Human Rights Work in Nepal

Close Encounters
During Nepal’s armed conflict and its aftermath, human rights violations not only scarred and destroyed the victims but had a devastating effect on the lives of human rights defenders.
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Child Correction Homes Facing Problems; Overcrowding and Lack of Infrastructure Among Many

2 September 2020: As the whole country is confronting with the crisis caused by COVID-19 pandemic, the child correction home in Banke is likely to turn into hotspots of the COVID-19 outbreak due to overcrowding and insufficient amenities that are essential for decent living. The total holding capacity of the facility is 70 but the correction home is housing 109 children at the moment. Children are compelled to cram into available space, making the spread of Covid-19 inevitable.

On one hand, due to overcrowding, children are susceptible to contracting Corona virus if infection is detected in the reform home and on the other hand, they are denied of the humane living conditions inside the facility due to lack of required provisions and standards for infrastructures in line with the standards of Child Correction Home (CCH). The child correction home is struggling with numerous issues such as insufficient drinking water service, limited toilets, improper sewage system, no telecommunication and internet service and so on. Children face problem in summer time during power cut off as there is lack of  alternative to electricity. Due to insufficient funding, timely maintenance of amenities has not been possible. Further, their health condition is being compromised due to lack of regular health checkups, and essential medical services. Regarding the spread of skin infections caused by eczema, among the children, the Advocacy Forum (AF) representative has been coordinating with Medical Business Association, Banke to provide necessary medical assistance. The AF facilitated to conduct health camp twice to curb the spread of skin infection in the CCH. During that time, 40 children were suffering from eczema and it was widespread among children due to the overcrowding.

Again, the dire situation of the education system inside the reform home has left many children away from the access to education built by the government for them. The main objective of the CCH is to encourage children to conform to human values and norms, to empower them in accordance to their experiences in terms of crime they committed and prepare them for their reintegration in the society. However, due to the loose ends in terms of the infrastructure in the correction home, the environment is not conducive to their behavioral change and well being as envisioned. There is a lack of recreational activities for children, creating a situation for them to flee the facility. There is a lack of secured fencing facility.

Another problem relating to the children who turn 18 years old, but still is kept along with other children under 18. The Act Relating to Children, 2075, Article 43 (4), has clearly provisioned that the children who reach the age of 18 during his/her term in the facility should be kept separately from other children while serving his remaining period taking into account of improvement seen in his behaviors,  skills and education gained.

A meeting comprising of representatives of Judicial Committees and advocates, Nepal Police, Armed Police Force, the CDO, the jailor of Banke Prison, AF representatives and the in-charge of the Correction Home was held on 1 September 2020 to talk about the issues that the facility is grappling with at the moment. Taking the suggestion of AF into consideration, the meeting  concluded that children above 18 cannot be handed over to prison directly rather they should be kept in a separate space in the prison as directed by the Court. Furthermore, Ram Bahadur Kurumwang, the Chief District Officer of Banke District indicated that they are trying for better infrastructure facility as requested by AF. Kurumwang informed that he has been appealing for funding from the Central Government in order to build necessary infrastructure for the Child Correction Home. He has also directed the Nepal Electricity Authority, Nepalgunj to resolve the electricity issues of the reform home. Bimala Kaucha Magar, the in-charge of Correction Home stated that she is  hopeful about the progress as the CDO has been proactively appealing to concerned authorities to address the problems of the Correction Home.

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