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Krishna Adhikari

Krishna Adhikari On 6 June 2004, Krishna Prasad Adhikari, a resident of Fujel village of Gorkha District, was murdered in Chitwan District by Maoist cadres. Krishna Prasad was visiting his grandparents after having taken the SLC examinations, and he was abducted from Bakullahar Chowk by men who came on a motorcycle ...
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Maina Sunuwar

Maina Sunuwar Around 6 am on February 17, 2004, a group of RNA soldiers arrested Ms Maina Sunuwar, a 15-year-old schoolgirl of Kharelthok VDC-6, Kavre district. She disappeared since her arrest. Her family members, with support from villagers and school where Maina was a student, visited detention centers ...
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Sanjeev Kumar Karna

Sanjeev Kumar Karna Sanjeev Kumar Karna was one among the 11 persons arrested on October 8, 2003. On that fateful day, they had gone to attend a picnic program organized by the students at a place called Kariyachauri VDC-4, and from picnic, they went to Kataiya Chowri Area of Dhanusha district where they ate some food ...
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Arjun Bahadur Lama

Arjun Bahadur Lama, 48 years in age, permanent resident of Chhatrebas VDC -5, Dapcha in Kavre district was abducted by a group of Maoist cadres, three in number, on 29 April 2005 (2062.1.16 BS) from the premises of Sri Krishna Secondary School at Chhatrebas VDC-1 of the district.
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Hari Prasad Bolakhe

Hari Prasad Bolakhe, 35 (while missing) a permanent resident of Phulbari VDC-8, Kavre district, a pastor by profession, had been missing since the arrest December 27, 2003, was reportedly killed by security persons. A team of National Human Rights Commission discovered a human skeleton in a jungle ...
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Sarala Sapkota

Around 11 p.m. on July 15, 2004, a group of 12 armed soldiers arrested Sarala Sapkota at her grandfather’s house. The family, who witnessed the arrest, stated that soldiers gave Sarala no reason for her arrest. After her arrest, Sarala’s family went to Baireni barracks and the DPO ...
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Birendra Shah

On the evening of 5 October 2007, Mr. Birendra Shah, 34, resident of Inruwasira VDC-8, Bara district, a local journalist of Bara district and correspondent of Nepal FM, Avenues Television and Dristi weekly, was abducted by Maoists from Pipara Bazaar in Kalaiya, the district headquarters of Bara ...
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Bishwanath Parajuli, Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang

Three persons namely Bishwonath Parajuli (also called Nagendra Parajuli), Tom Nath Poudel and Dhan Bahadur Tamang of Hasandaha VDC, Morang were shot dead by the security personnel on 28 September 2004. According to the eyewitnesses, other victims and the villagers, about 16 people were arrested ...
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Chot Nath Ghimire and Shekhar Nath Ghimire

Chot Nath Ghimire, a 58-year-old farmer, resident of Ishaneshor VDC-4, Ratamate Majhpokhari of Lamjung district was allegedly arrested by the Joint Security Forces of Joint Security Camp stationed at Bhorlatar VDC, Lamjung district on February 2, 2002 (2058.10.20). The security camp called Mr. ...
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Bhauna Tharu

Bhauna Tharu (Bhauna Chaudhary in the citizenship card), 21 years old male (at the time of the incident; Date of Birthe: 8 September 1978), son of Purna Bahadur Chaudhary, permanent resident of Sujanpur village, Neulapur VDC-4, Bardiya district, and an employee of Rastriya Gobar Gas, Gulariya, ...
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Close Encounters

Stories from the Frontline of Human Rights Work in Nepal

Close Encounters
During Nepal’s armed conflict and its aftermath, human rights violations not only scarred and destroyed the victims but had a devastating effect on the lives of human rights defenders.
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‘Arrange for free test and treatment for the COVID-19 virus’ orders the Tulsipur High Court, Nepalgunj Bench

30 April 2021, Banke: As the country grapples to contain the second wave of the coronavirus, Banke District has witnessed a sharp rise in the number of COVID-19 cases triggered by the new strains of the virus that is said to be more contagious than the earlier variant. With the District recording the massive surge in COVID-19 cases and fatalities every day, Advocacy Forum-Nepal’s lawyer together with other human rights lawyers brought a public interest litigation writ before the Tulsipur High Court, Nepalgunj Bench demanding an interim order along with any appropriate order to adopt effective measures to protect people’s right to live with dignity, right to quality health services as guaranteed by the Constitution of Nepal.

Responding to the writ application, the joint bench of Honorable Justices Dr. Ratna Bahadur Baghchand and Honorable Justice Gokarna Dangi on 30 April 2021 issued a 14-point interim order instructing the District Administration Office, Banke including others to arrange for free test and treatment for the COVID-19 virus; to properly manage the care provided to non-covid patients, especially patients with chronic illnesses, pregnant women, elderly, children; to immediately manage the construction of the holding centers with the capacity of accommodating at least thousand people near Jamunaha area; to provide every individual entering Nepal via Indian border with facemasks free of cost, also conduct antigen and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test on the returnees and their primary contact showing symptoms, and to coordinate with concerned local levels to ensure that the infected are kept at hospitals, isolation centers or holding center whereas those without symptoms to be sent to the destination with arrangement of 10-days-long quarantine facilities.

The Court decided that the Government should arrange for labs, ventilators, oxygen, referrals, airlifting of patients, ambulances necessary for the management of the hospital, as well as, monitor the condition of the people in home isolation and home quarantine, and facilitate for their treatment if necessary, and also arrange for swab-collection at the prison, child correction homes. Moreover, the Court ordered the concerned authority to coordinate effectively for the procurement of essential medical supplies and mobilization of human resources. Besides, the Court urged the Government to lobby for the immediate access of the public to inoculation. Further, the Court viewed that the current crisis may be a grave threat to human civilization across the District if not controlled, and prevented immediately.  (Court’s Decision)

Prior to the decision, human rights lawyers had submitted a memorandum to the Chief District Officer of Banke, issued press statements demanding effective measures to prevent and control the spread of the virus and ensuring access of the public to the health services. Following the prohibitory order imposed across Banke District since 21 April 2021, the Courts had suspended all non-urgent court proceedings.

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